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28 March 2012

Vingt ans après

Silent French film Vingt ans après/Twenty Years After (1922) was the sequel to Les Trois Mousquetaires (1921), one of the first film versions of Alexandre Dumas, père's novel The Three Musketeers. Both films were directed by Henri Diamant-Berger.

Vingt ans après
French postcard. Photo: Pathé. Publicity still for Vingt ans après/The Return of the Musketeers (1922, Henri Diamant-Berger). This could be Athos (Henry Rollan) and his son Raoul (played by actress Pierrette Madd).

Vingt ans après
French postcard. Photo: Pathé. Publicity still for Vingt ans après/The Return of the Musketeers (1922, Henri Diamant-Berger). Collection: Didier Hanson.

Vingt ans après
French postcard. Photo: Pathé. Publicity still for Vingt ans après/The Return of the Musketeers (1922, Henri Diamant-Berger). Collection: Didier Hanson.

Vingt ans après
French postcard. Photo: Pathé. Publicity still for Vingt ans après/The Return of the Musketeers (1922, Henri Diamant-Berger). Collection: Didier Hanson.

Alexandre Dumas
Vingt ans après, literally translates as Twenty Years After, but abroad it was also known as The Return of the Three Musketeers. It was a sequel to the successful Pathé serial Les Trois Mousquetaires/The Three Musketeers (1921), which had been only the second adaptation of the famous adventure novel by Alexandre Dumas père, published in 1844. Vingt ans après was also based on a novel by Dumas. He first serialized it from January to August 1845. Vingt ans après tells about the romances of D'Artagnan, the fourth musketeer. Vingt ans après precedes another novel, The Vicomte de Bragelonne, which includes the subplot Man in the Iron Mask.

Pierre de Guingand
Pierre de Guingand. French postcard by Cinémagazine, no. 151. Photo: Studio Landau.

Jean Périer
Jean Périer as Cardinal Mazarin. French postcard by Cinémagazine Edition, no. 62. Photo: Pathé Consortium Cinéma. Publicity still for Vingt Ans Après (1922). Collection: Didier Hanson.

Béatrice Bretty
Béatrice Bretty as La belle hôtelière. French postcard by Cinémagazine, no. 67. Photo: Pathé Consortium. Publicity still for Vingt ans après (1922).

Armand Bernard
Armand Bernard. French postcard by Cinémagazine Edition, no. 21. Photo: Pathé Consortium Cinéma.

The Four Musketeers
Both the film and the novel Vingt ans après follow events in France during La Fronde, during the childhood reign of Louis XIV, and in England near the end of the English Civil War, leading up to the victory of Oliver Cromwell and the execution of King Charles I. The action begins under Queen Anne of Austria regency and Cardinal Mazarin ruling. D'Artagnan, who seemed to have a promising career ahead of him at the end of The Three Musketeers, has for twenty years remained a lieutenant in the Musketeers, and seems unlikely to progress, despite his ambition and the debt the queen owes him. By chance, however, he is summoned by Cardinal Mazarin, who requires an escort, as the French people detest Mazarin, and are on the brink of rebellion (La Fronde). D'Artagnan is sent to the Bastille to retrieve a prisoner, who turns out to be his former adversary, the Comte de Rochefort. But De Rochefort escapes. D'Artagnan goes searching for his old friends, and the four musketeers are reunited for one more time. Pathé Frères again produced the film and Henri Diamant-Berger returned as director. D'Artagnan was not played by Aimé Simon-Girard this time. Jean Yonnel replaced him. The other three musketeers of the original cast returned: Henri Rollan as Athos, Pierre de Guingand as Aramis and Charles Martinelli as Porthos. Other actors who returned were Édouard de Max (Richelieu) and Armand Bernard (D'Artagnan's servant Planchet). They were joined by Marguerite Moreno as Anne of Austria, Jean Périer as Mazarin, Simone Vaudry as Henriette d'Angleterre, and Béatrice Bretty as a beautiful in-keeper. And as for Les Trois Mousquetaires, a beautiful series of postcards was especially produced for Vingt ans après.

Vingt ans après
French postcard. Photo: Pathé. Publicity still for Vingt ans après/The Return of the Musketeers (1922, Henri Diamant-Berger). Photo: Pathé. Collection: Didier Hanson.

Vingt ans après
French postcard. Photo: Pathé. Publicity still for Vingt ans après/The Return of the Musketeers (1922, Henri Diamant-Berger). Collection: Didier Hanson.

Vingt ans après
French postcard. Photo: Pathé. Publicity still for Vingt ans après/The Return of the Musketeers (1922, Henri Diamant-Berger). Collection: Didier Hanson.

Vingt ans après
French postcard. Photo: Pathé. Publicity still for Vingt ans après/The Return of the Musketeers (1922, Henri Diamant-Berger). Collection: Didier Hanson.

Sources: Wikipedia and IMDb.

1 comment:

Bunched Undies said...

Wonderful compositions and costumes